Insitu Vermicomposting method – have you ever heard about this, mostly no? But we will let you know in this article. In the recent past, the trend of following organic farming adopting farmers are increasing rapidly. In organic farming, we use only natural pesticides and natural fertilizers. Among the natural fertilizers, vermicompost plays a major role as a natural fertilizer in organic Agri farming.
Vermicomposting a procedure of converting organic farm wastes into natural fertilizer known as vermicast with the help of earthworms. Vermicomposting is nothing but the excreta of earthworms. It consists of many nutrients. Application of vermicompost to the crop soil helps in supplying major and minor plant nutrients to the crop plants. It acts as a good natural fertilizer. Therefore, the demand for vermicompost is rising nowadays among the farmers as well as organic agriculture entrepreneurs. Therefore, we have come up with this article on the insitu vermicomposting method.
There are various methods of vermicomposting viz., NADEP vermicomposting, pit method, heap method, silpaulin vermicomposting and many others. However, there is also a new method of vermicomposting known as In-situ vermicomposting which is easy for the farmers to adopt and follow at their own field or farm. In this article, we will let you know all the information regarding the establishment or construction of the insitu vermicomposting unit for a perennial or orchard crop.
Insitu vermicomposting method steps
- Construct a round pit of 4 feet depth and 5 feet/ 150 cm radius around a perennial or orchard crop plant.
- Add coarse 5 mm stone and red soil up to a height of 0.5 feet.
- Add a 15 cm layer of crop waste or crop stubbles. Later, add cow dung or buffalo dung up to a height of 1 feet.
- Repeat the procedure of adding crop stubbles and cow dung up to 1 feet height above the ground.
- Add paddy straw as an upper layer in order to hold the moisture content after watering.
- After 1 week interval, add about 5 kg of adult earthworms suitable for commercial vermicomposting.
- Mix the layer thoroughly thrice in a week after adding earthworms.
- Within a period of 3 months, the farmer can harvest around 2 to 3 tons of vermicompost from the insitu vermicomposting method.
Pros of In-situ Vermicomposting method | Advantages of In-situ vermicomposting
- This insitu vermicomposting is easy to establish in a farm.
- It requires fewer labors to construct or establish.
- Insitu vermicomposting is a cheap and best method of the vermicomposting method as we compare with all other methods of vermicomposting.
- The farmer can construct this around a perennial crop plant in his farm or field.
Cons of Insitu Vermicomposting
- The only disadvantage of this insitu vermicomposting is that in rainy seasons it may lead to the death of earthworms due to water stagnation in the insitu vermicompost pit.
Hence, hope you got enough information from this article insitu vermicomposting in India. If you have any queries regarding insitu vermicomposting, comment below. For more information about the latest agriculture information and knowledge, subscribe to us.